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Style Guide

A Style Guide

We are very pleased that your article or review will soon be appearing in HUME STUDIES. The careful preparation of your final manuscript will help to streamline the production process, hold expenses down, and guard against mistakes in the published version of your piece. Our policy is that production cannot go forward until we receive a manuscript conforming to our requirements.

This Guide should answer most of your questions about the journal’s preferred style, but if questions remain, we would be more than happy to answer them. Please contact Angela Coventry (coventry@pdx.edu).

The final manuscript should be submitted either through the editorial console (http://console.humestudies.org/ojs) or if that is not possible, as an e-mail attachment to one of the editors. The entire manuscript, including block quotations and footnotes, should be double-spaced, with generous margins on all four sides. References should be in the text, while notes are collected at the end as endnotes beginning on a new page. Acknowledgments and similar material should appear in an initial, unnumbered footnote. HUME STUDIES requires a “Works Cited” section following the endnotes.

The manuscript should be accompanied by an abstract of 100–125 words (and in no case exceeding 150 words).

Author Identification:
The author should also supply a brief self-identification (name, institutional affiliation and address, and author’s electronic address), which will appear at the base of the first page of the article, in the following form:

Peter Kail, Department of Philosophy, The University of Edinburgh, David Hume Tower, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JX, United Kingdom. E-mail: peter.kail@ed.ac.uk

Starting with volume 39, HUME STUDIES uses a system of reference, based on the Chicago Manual of Style (Documentation I), with in-text citations, endnotes, and a Works Cited section.


Authors are responsible for checking all quotations before submitting final manuscripts (that is, before their pieces reach the typesetting stage).

Citing Hume’s works:
Quotations from the Treatise, the two Enquiries, A Dissertation on the Passions, and The Natural History of Religion should be taken from the texts prepared for the Clarendon Edition of the Works of David Hume. In the case of the Treatise (abbreviated as “T”), references should be to Book, part, section, and paragraph; citations of the “Introduction” and the “Appendix” to the Treatise should use abbreviated names (“Intro.” or “App.”). In the case of the Enquiries (abbreviated as “EHU” and “EPM”), references should be to section and paragraph, with abbreviated names for the appendices (“App.”). For A Dissertation on the Passions (abbreviated as “DP”) and A Natural History of Religion (abbreviated as “NHR”), references should be to section and paragraph. Arabic numerals (separated by periods) should be used throughout. Authors are also asked to supply page references to the editions of the Treatise and the Enquiries prepared by Selby-Bigge and revised by Nidditch, but because the texts of these editions sometimes differ from the Clarendon Edition texts, they should not be used as the basis for quotations. Both editions of the Abstract should be included in the Works Cited section; the Abstract is cited in text as “Abs.” followed by paragraph number in the Clarendon Edition and “SBN” with page number.   Look up Parallel Citations

Typical block quotations to the Treatise and the Enquiries will conclude as follows:

(T; SBN 230);   (T Intro. 9; SBN xvii–xviii)

(EHU 10.12; SBN 114–15)

(EPM 9.6; SBN 272–73);   (EPM App. 3.2; SBN 303)

(Abs. 26; SBN 656);   (Abs. Pref. 2; SBN 643–44)

When a passage is cited but not quoted, citations can take the following form:

When he returns to the point at T (SBN 458), Hume . . .

When several passages are cited together, the following format is convenient:

(T,; SBN 415, 458)

Quotations from the Dialogues (abbreviated “DNR”) should be to Kemp Smith’s edition, or to any of a number of more recent and widely available editions, such as those prepared by Bell, Gaskin, or Popkin. Parenthetical references should be by dialogue and paragraph number as well as page number (for example, “(DNR 4.1; 158)”).

For each work that uses the abbreviations suggested above, a note explaining the citation style should be provided. For example:

References to the Treatise are to Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. Norton and Norton, hereafter cited in the text as “T” followed by Book, part, section, and paragraph number, and to Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. Selby-Bigge, rev. by Nidditch, cited in the text as “SBN” followed by the page number.

References to the first Enquiry are to Hume, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, ed. Beauchamp, hereafter cited in the text as “EHU” followed by section and paragraph number, and to Hume, Enquiries concerning the Human Understanding and concerning the Principles of Morals, ed. Selby-Bigge, rev. by Nidditch, hereafter cited in the text as “SBN” followed by page numbers.

References to Hume’s essays should be to the individual essay (rather than the Essays) and to the Grene and Grose edition or the more recent edition by Eugene F. Miller. Parenthetical references should use shortened titles (for example, “Balance of Power,” “Rise and Fall,” “Delicacy of Taste”) followed by page numbers. A bibliographical entry for each essay is required. The format is as follows:

Hume, David. “Of the Standard of Taste,” in Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary, revised edition. Edited by Eugene F. Miller, 226–49. Indianapolis: Liberty Classics, 1987.

Citing other sources

References to other sources should follow the example of a recent issue. In-text references to books, chapters, and articles should be by author’s name and short title (whichever is not clear from the context) followed by page number, as in

(Cognition and Commitment, 221–24)


(Garrett, Cognition and Commitment, 221–24)

when the author and title are both mentioned in the sentence immediately preceding or containing the quotation, all that is needed is the page number (for example, “(221–24)”).


Notes should be collected at the end as endnotes, beginning on a new page. Acknowledgments and similar material should appear in an initial, unnumbered endnote. In general, authors are encouraged to do all they can to keep endnotes to a minimum.


In-text citation should include author, shortened title, and page. The abbreviations “Ibid.” “Op. cit.” and “loc. cit.” should not be used. “Cf.” should only be used to mean “compare” or “see, by way of comparison,” otherwise use “see.”

Works Cited

Bibliographical entries are arranged alphabetically by author and by title. The following paradigms illustrate some of the most common bibliographic entries:

  • Book with a single author:

    Bricke, John. Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume’s Moral Psychology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.

  • Edited volume:

    Norton, David Fate, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Hume. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

  • Book with author and editor or translator:

    Hume, David. A Treatise of Human Nature. Edited by David Fate Norton and Mary J. Norton. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000.

  • Journal article:

    Janet Broughton, “Explaining General Ideas,” Hume Studies 26 (2000): 279–89.

    Note: For journal articles, cite only the volume number and year (not the issue number)

  • Part of an edited volume:

    Dauer, Francis Watanabe. “Hume on the Relation of Cause and Effect.” In A Companion to Hume, edited by Elizabeth S. Radcliffe, 89–105. Oxford and Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

    Hume, David. “Of the Standard of Taste,” in Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary, revised edition. Edited by Eugene F. Miller, 226–49. Indianapolis: Liberty Classics, 1987.

    Note placement of page numbers.

  • Multi-volume work:

    Jonathan Bennett, Learning from Six Philosophers, 2 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001).

    When citing from more than one volumes of a multi-volume work, in-text citations would indicate the volume number and pages as follows: “(Bennett, Six Philosophers, 1:241–42).”

    When citing only one volume of a multi-volume work, only the volume cited should appear on the Works Cited page.

    Jonathan Bennett, Learning from Six Philosophers, volume 1. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001).

    In that case, in-text citations should not include the volume number: “(Bennett, Six Philosophers, 241–42).”

  • Electronic versions of copyrighted books:

    Loeb, Louis. Stability and Justification in Hume’s “Treatise.” Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Kindle edition.

    Note: Generally if a work is available in print and in electronic form, the print version should be cited.

  • Letter in a published collection:

    In-text citations should include the sender and recipient followed by the date if that is not clear from the context (and sometimes the place) and the title of the collection. For example,

    Hume writes that he hopes the doctor will “find virtue its own reward” (Hume to Clephane, April 1750, in Letters 1:139–42)

    In his letter to William Robertson of 12 March 1759, Hume describes Helvetius as “a very fine genius” who has “the character of a very worthy man” (Hume to Robertson in Letters 1:301–303.

  • Works Cited entry:

    Hume, David. The Letters of David Hume. Edited by J. Y. T. Greig. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2011.

    A few small points: When quoting Hume himself, his spelling should be used. However, outside of contexts of quotation, HUME STUDIES uses American English spellings: “skeptic,” “skeptical,” and “skepticism” rather than “sceptic,” “skeptical,” or “scepticism.”

    Each of the three main divisions of Hume’s Treatise is named “Book” (with a capital “B”), but for all other divisions, large and small, in all other works—including the Dialogues—we use lower-case letters throughout (thus “part”, “section”, “chapter”). Arabic numerals are used to number all parts, Books included (thus “Book 1 of the Treatise,” “part 10 of the Dialogues,” “section 12 of the first Enquiry”).

    For Authors of Book Reviews

    Headings for book reviews must include author’s name; full title; editor’s name, if any; publisher, place of publication, and year; ISBN number with cloth or paper indicated; price in US dollars if available, otherwise price in the currency of the place of publication—as in the following example:

    H. O. MOUNCE. Hume’s Naturalism. New York and London: Routledge, 1999. Pp. 160. ISBN 14115191246, cloth, $85.00; ISBN 0415191254, paper, $27.95.

    It is the responsibility of book review authors to provide all of the requested information. Details not included with the review copy should be available at the publisher’s website.

    All authors are asked to supply both postal and e-mail addresses. Authors of articles are also asked to provide an institutional affiliation or a line of biographical information.

    An Overview of the Production Process

    Accepted manuscripts are copy-edited in house before being sent to the typesetter. You will receive an email from the copy-editor asking you to review suggested changes marked on a Word document that tracks suggested changes. If you agree to a change, simply use the “Accept Change” function on Word’s Review Pane. If you disagree with the change, it is helpful to include a comment indicating this. At this stage, revisions are still possible. Minor revisions can be made on the document. (Please use the “Track Changes” function.) If you wish to make more extensive revisions, please contact the editors.

    Once final manuscripts are approved by the editors and assembled into an issue for publication, the whole issue is forwarded to the Philosophy Documentation Center for typesetting. Authors will receive page proofs by e-mail from the PDC. Author’s changes cannot be made at this point in the process, only minor corrections should be made.

    The editors (but not the authors) receive a second set of proofs from the PDC. Once this set of proofs is corrected, files are transmitted by the PDC to the journal’s printer, Cushing-Malloy, and sent to Project Muse for electronic distribution.

    Revised December 4, 2015